Cichorium intybus has a rich history of use in folk medicine. Chicory roots are the main source for inulin, which has scientifically-proven health benefits. 
Cichorium intybus (Chicory) is well-known as a coffee substitute but is also widely used medicinally to treat various symptoms and ailments ranging from wounds to diabetes. Root of Chicory is good source of inulin – natural soluble dietary fiber. Numerous of research has been done showing that inulin as a prebiotic has different promising perspectives. Daily consumption of inulin may be helpful in control of blood sugar and thus may benefit at diabetes and insulin resistance, digestion problems, weight management, and maintenance of overall health and vitality. [1, 2]
Prebiotics do not contain microorganisms and do not undergo the digestion process. However, they stimulate the growth of the healthy gut bacteria. Most popular and well-studied prebiotics are the oligosaccharides contained in plants. Prebiotics must meet certain criteria: be resistant to the actions of stomach acids, bile salts and other hydrolyzing enzymes in the intestine, provide a substrate for one or more strains of beneficial bacteria, stimulate the growth and activity of the desired groups of bacteria in the digestive tract, and possess proven health benefits. 
Cichorium intybus has a rich history of use in folk medicine. Chicory was grown by the ancient Egyptians as a medicinal plant, coffee substitute and vegetable crop.
The genus Cichorium consists of six species with major distribution areas in Europe and Asia.
1. Street RA, Sidana J, Prinsloo G. Cichorium intybus: Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013; 2013:579319. doi:10.1155/2013/579319.
2. Watson AW, Houghton D, Avery PJ, et al. Changes in stool frequency following chicory inulin consumption, and effects on stool consistency, quality of life and composition of gut microbiota. Food Hydrocoll. 2019 Nov;96:688-698. doi: 10.1016/j.foodhyd.2019.06.006.
3. Markowiak P, Slizewska K. Effects of Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics on Human Health. Nutrients. 2017;9(9):1021. doi: 10.3390/nu9091021.