Artichoke is a one of the oldest plants cultivated by humans. It has been used as a dietary and medicinal plant since 4th century B.C. 
Artichoke leaf extract is one of the most studied herbal remedies. The main bioactive components of Artichoke are organic acids, including cynarin, which has liver-protective properties. Antioxidant, choleretic, hepatoprotective, bile-enhancing and lipid-lowering effects have been demonstrated in multiple studies, which corresponded with its historical use. In animal studies, artichoke extract has shown an ability to protect the liver and even help liver cells regenerate. 
The beneficial effects of Artichoke leaf extract for liver health can be attributed to its antioxidant action and ability to stimulate digestive secretion, especially bile production. This makes Artichoke helpful also in gallbladder problems, indigestion and abdominal discomfort. It may also play a role in lowering cholesterol and thus help to prevent heart disease. [1, 2]
Artichoke is a one of the oldest plants cultivated by humans. It has been used as a dietary and medicinal plant since 4th century B.C.
Cynara scolymus is a perennial crop, typically cultivated in the Mediterranean basin, is widespread throughout the world.
1. Ben Salem M, Affes H, Ksouda K, etal. Pharmacological Studies of Artichoke Leaf Extract and Their Health Benefits. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2015 Dec;70(4):441-53. doi:10.1007/s11130-015-0503-8.
2. Sahebkar A, Pirro M, Banach M, et al. Lipid-lowering activity of artichoke extracts: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2018;58(15):2549-2556. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2017.1332572.